ISSN   1004-0595

CN  62-1095/O4

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贾超, 吕云涛, 贺庆拓. 新型曲线型啮合线齿轮齿面接触与磨损分析[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2024, 44(10): 1−10. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2023145
引用本文: 贾超, 吕云涛, 贺庆拓. 新型曲线型啮合线齿轮齿面接触与磨损分析[J]. 摩擦学学报, 2024, 44(10): 1−10. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2023145
JIA Chao, LV Yuntao, HE Qingtuo. Novel Curved Meshing Line Gear Tooth Contact and Wear Analysis[J]. Tribology, 2024, 44(10): 1−10. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2023145
Citation: JIA Chao, LV Yuntao, HE Qingtuo. Novel Curved Meshing Line Gear Tooth Contact and Wear Analysis[J]. Tribology, 2024, 44(10): 1−10. doi: 10.16078/j.tribology.2023145

新型曲线型啮合线齿轮齿面接触与磨损分析

Novel Curved Meshing Line Gear Tooth Contact and Wear Analysis

  • 摘要: 为了探究新型曲线型啮合线齿轮接触特性与磨损特征规律,构建了新型齿轮的有限元三维模型,利用ABAQUS对其进行承载接触分析,在此基础上,基于Hertz接触理论和Archard磨损公式,建立了新型曲线型啮合线齿轮磨损模型,并对新型齿轮齿面磨损特性进行了数值仿真,计算齿面相对滑动距离,求出在准静态载荷下齿面磨损量及磨损曲线. 最终将新型齿轮与渐开线齿轮的承载接触特性和磨损规律做了对比研究. 研究结果表明,与渐开线齿轮相比,新型曲线型啮合线齿轮在承载能力和传动平稳性方面都更优,尤其是齿面接触应力可减小高达17.0%以上. 曲线啮合线齿轮齿面磨损深度沿齿廓方向分布不均匀,曲线啮合线齿轮齿面磨损深度从齿根到节点位置逐渐减小,而后从节点到齿顶位置又逐渐增大,且齿根位置的齿面磨损深度大于齿顶位置的齿面磨损深度. 新型齿轮副的最大磨损深度降低了28.44%,可以有效改善渐开线齿轮副存在的非均匀磨损现象,从而延长齿轮传动装置的使用寿命,该研究成果为降低齿轮磨损研究和新型齿轮齿廓设计提供了思路和方法.

     

    Abstract: Gear is a key basic component of mechanical equipment, widely used in aviation, wind power, mining, ships and other fields. With the rapid development of industrial technology, the demand for gear bearing capacity is increasing day by day, However, a small amount of tooth wear can cause the designed conjugate tooth profile to fail to mesh properly, causing vibration and noise in the transmission mechanism and seriously reducing the life of the transmission mechanism. As we all know, the geometry of the gear teeth can determine the performance of the gear transmission system to a certain extent, and the use of new tooth shape is an effective way to improve the performance of the gear transmission system. Therefore, in view of the problem of low contact strength and high sliding friction of involute gear teeth, the research related to novel curved meshing line gears had gradually appeared in the public's field of vision. In order to investigate the novel curve type meshing line gear contact characteristics and wear characteristics of the law, the use of differential geometry and coordinate transformation method to establish a novel gear tooth surface, the gear meshing process discretization and the construction of a finite element three-dimensional model, through the ABAQUS finite element software for its bearing contact analysis, to explore the novel gear bearing contact stress and bending stress change rule. On this basis, based on Hertz contact theory and Archard wear formula, a novel curve type meshing line gear wear model was established, and numerical simulation of novel gear tooth wear characteristics was carried out to calculate the relative sliding distance of the tooth surface and the Hertz contact half-width, and to find out the amount of tooth surface wear and wear curve under the quasi-static load. Finally, a comparative study was made between the novel gears and involute gears in terms of load contact characteristics and wear patterns. The results showed that compared with involute gears, the novel curved meshing line gears were better in terms of load carrying capacity and transmission smoothness, especially the tooth face contact stress could be reduced up to 17.0% or more. The depth of wear of the tooth surface of the curved meshing line gear was unevenly distributed along the tooth profile direction, and the depth of wear of the tooth surface of the curved meshing line gear decreased gradually from the tooth root to the node position, and then increased gradually from the node to the tooth top position, and the depth of wear of the tooth surface at the root position was greater than that of the tooth surface at the tooth top position. The maximum wear depth of the new gear pair was reduced by 28.44%, which could effectively improve the non-uniform wear phenomenon existing in the involute gear pair, so as to prolong the service life of the gear transmission device, and the research results provided ideas and methods for the study of reducing gear wear and the design of novel gear tooth profile.

     

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